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Earth Lodge Prototype, Mandan-Hidatsa-Arikara Cultures, North Dakota

Click for computer model animation.

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    Earth lodge structure in moonlight. Computer model data from NATIVE AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE, by Peter Nabokov and Robert Easton, Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, 1989, and more particularly from THE HIDATSA EARTHLODGE, by Gilbert WIlson, illustrations by Frederick Wilson, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, V.33, 1934.
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    Computer model showing daughters houses attached to main lodge.
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    Reconstruction of Earth Lodge at Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site, North Dakota.
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    Painting of Mandan Chief earthlodge interior by Carl Bodmer, 1833.
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    Painting of Mandan Chief earthlodge interior by Carl Bodmer, 1833.
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    Painting of Last Race Mandan O-Kee-Pa Ceremony, by George Catlin, 1838.
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    Mandan Village on bluff overlooking Missouri River and bullboats, painted by Carl Bodmer, 1833.
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    Mandan people, painted by Carl Bodmer, 1843.
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    Mandan Dance to the Berdache, painted by George Catlin, 1838.
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    Earthlodge smoke hole.
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    Earthlodge smoke hole.
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© 2009, Dennis R. Holloway Architect